Chlorogenic acids and related depsides

Abstract

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 667 Isolation and Chemistry ................................................................................................................................ 668 General Isolation Procedures ...................................................................................................... 668 The Chlorogenic Acids ........................................................................................................................ 671 Additional Quinie Acid Depsides .......................................................................................... 677 Other Phenylpropenoyl Depsides ............................................................................................. 680 Transesterifieation Reactions in Quinir Acid Depsides ................................. 681 The Chlorogenic Acid-Caffeine Complex ..................................................................... 682 Distribution of the Chlorogenic Acids and Related Depsides ........................... 683 Biosynthesis .................................................................................................................................................................. 6 8 5 Biosynthesis of Phenylpropenoic Acids ........................................................................... 685 Role of D-Quinie Acid in Higher Plants ..................................................................... 688 Biosynthesis of Phenylpropenoid Depsides ..................................................................... 689 Factors Affecting the Formation of Chlorogenie Acids ................................. 691 Properties of Chlorogenie Acid and Related Depsides ......................................... 692 Properties of Economic Significance ................................................................................. 692 Oxidation of Chlorogenie Acid ................................................................................................ 695 In vitro Activation and Inhibition of Enzymes by Monoand Dihydric Phenolies ...................................................................................................................... 697 Do the Chlorogenic Acids Have any Physiological Functions in Higher Plants? ............................................................................................................................... 701 Literature Cited ...................................................................................................................................................... 705 Addendum ..................................................................................................................................................................... 712

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